The Centre lists all publications and papers from our researchers and associates. Where copyright prohibits us from providing the full document, we provide a link to where you will find the paper. You may use our search categories -on your left- or search with your own criteria -above.
Albert Sabater (CHR) and Nissa Finney (University of Manchester) have contributed to the book entitled Social-spatial segregation: Concepts, processes and outcomes. This edited volume brings together leading researchers from the United States, the United Kingdom and Europe to look at the processes leading to segregation and its implications. With a methodological focus, the book explores new methods and data sources that can offer fresh perspectives on segregation in different contexts. It considers how the spatial patterning of segregation might be best understood and measured, outlines some of the mechanisms that drive it, and discusses its possible social outcomes. Ultimately, it demonstrates that measurements and concepts of segregation must keep pace with a changing world.
Drawing on presentations given across the seminar series as a whole this briefing paper (no 1) explores the interconnections between the Big Society, and that of the current welfare reform agenda being advanced by the UK coalition government.
There is an extensive literature on UK regional house price dynamics, yet empirical work focusing on the duration and magnitude of regional housing cycles has received little attention. This paper employs Markov Switching Vector auto regression (MSVAR) methods to examine UK house price cycles in UK regions at NUTS1 level. The research findings indicate that the regional structure of the UK house market is best described as two large groups of regions with marked differences in the amplitude and duration of the cyclical regimes between the two groups. These differences have implications for the design of both macroeconomic and housing sector policies.
Empirical studies mainly model monetary transmission mechanism and housing prices as being
symmetric across business cycles. However, as the degree of asymmetric information varies with
the state of the economy such notion of a symmetric impact may be incorrect. This paper using
United Kingdom data captures the asymmetric shocks of macro variables on UK house price
from 1980 to end of 2012, employing Markov-switching vector autoregressive (MS-VAR) model
and regime dependent impulse responses. The results suggest that the effect of traditional
monetary policy is not neutral and the impact varies significantly during boom and bust periods.
These findings lead us to believe information asymmetry plays an important role in the economy
and in monetary transmission mechanism.
A policy paper by Darja Reuschke and Duncan Maclennan which summarises a seminar on Business Investment and Housing which was jointly organised by CHR and the Scottish Government. This seminar was part of a research project about the consequences of the mortgage crisis on small businesses.
The post-communist privatisation of state flats to sitting tenants has transformed Romania into a nation of homeowners; yet its popularity appears perplexing given the poor quality of the stock and disappointing, given flat-owners’ subsequent lack of action regarding home improvement. Conversely, self-builders’ proactive agency moved them up the housing ladder. While this striking contrast draws attention to various structural conditions, which have constrained the former and enabled the latter, it also raises intriguing questions on residents’ meanings of home. By interrogating 48 homeowners’ narratives, this paper sustains the multilayered and multi-scalar meanings of home, which intertwine the socio-cultural territory of family and nation; the physical frame of one room or several dwellings; the emotional domain of object-memories; and the ontological realm epitomised by something as minimal as ‘my bed’. Findings demonstrate that flat-owners and self-builders do not significantly differ in their meanings of home but detached houses rather than flats facilitate more fully their appropriation.
Soaita A M, 2014, "Overcrowding and ‘underoccupancy’ in Romania: a case study of housing inequality" Environment and Planning A 46(1) 203 – 221
This paper examines aspects of space consumption in two very different housing types, the communist mid-rise estates and post-communist suburban self-built housing. Examining residents’ perceptions in order to categorize space as overcrowded or under-occupied, the paper engages critically with the issue of the inefficient distribution of Romanian housing, that is a considerable mismatch between dwelling and household size. The analysis documents the continued salience of overcrowding in the communist estates and conversely, self-builders’ satisfaction with the generous size of their new homes. Market forces permit various modes of residential mobility but their likely outcome is growing housing inequality while any redistributive impact will remain insignificant unless policy incentives could facilitate conversion of under-occupied space into (social) renting housing. However, only a sustained delivery of larger and affordable new dwellings could alleviate overcrowding.
Published online: 18 January 2014
In: Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014
In this paper, we examine household residential mobility within Colombian municipalities and determine whether the factors that trigger residential movement vary across the country. Using Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) and detailed data from the 2005 Census for all municipalities in Colombia, our analysis takes into account the spatial variation in the relationship between household residential mobility and the associated housing, socioeconomic and environmental factors derived from theory and previous empirical research. Our findings demonstrate that household residential mobility is strongly and positively associated with living conditions, age and income, and negatively associated with homeownership and household composition within municipalities. The comparison of global (Ordinary Least Squares regression) and local (GWR) parameter estimates reveals the presence of a non-stationary effect on household residential mobility for the predictor variables considered, and highlights the importance of local variation of the relationships. In addition to contributing to the debate on the dynamics of residential mobility in Colombia, the study results have implications for effective policy-making with regard to urban expansion and settlement of various groups.
In this paper, we document the experience of Moroccan emigration from Spain as a result of the bursting of the property bubble and the country’s long recession. Although Moroccans remain one of the largest non-European immigrant groups in Spain different forms of emigration such as return migration or remigration to third countries have become more prominent since the onset of the economic recession. In order to describe recent trends of international migration we use flow and stock data from the National Statistical Office for the period 2008-2011 with age-sex detail and information on the main destination countries and provinces of departure. The paper concludes with some considerations on the impact of Spain´s ongoing economic recession on the future of Moroccan migration within the European context.
Article published in the Spanish journal 'Migraciones' - December 2013
The main objective of this paper is to analyse the transformation of host communities (those that are mainly inhabited by people born in Spain) and the formation and evolution of ethnic residential enclaves in Spain. For this purpose, this investigation has employed a time series (2000-2010) of detailed population data disaggregated by sex, age and country of birth of residents in all census tracts, the smallest geographies in Spain.