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Cities: Structures, Systems and Strategies

Cities: Structures, Systems and Strategies

Published online: 18 January 2014
In: Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

In this paper, we examine household residential mobility within Colombian municipalities and determine whether the factors that trigger residential movement vary across the country. Using Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) and detailed data from the 2005 Census for all municipalities in Colombia, our analysis takes into account the spatial variation in the relationship between household residential mobility and the associated housing, socioeconomic and environmental factors derived from theory and previous empirical research. Our findings demonstrate that household residential mobility is strongly and positively associated with living conditions, age and income, and negatively associated with homeownership and household composition within municipalities. The comparison of global (Ordinary Least Squares regression) and local (GWR) parameter estimates reveals the presence of a non-stationary effect on household residential mobility for the predictor variables considered, and highlights the importance of local variation of the relationships. In addition to contributing to the debate on the dynamics of residential mobility in Colombia, the study results have implications for effective policy-making with regard to urban expansion and settlement of various groups.

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Article published in the Spanish journal 'Migraciones' - December 2013

The main objective of this paper is to analyse the transformation of host communities (those that are mainly inhabited by people born in Spain) and the formation and evolution of ethnic residential enclaves in Spain. For this purpose, this investigation has employed a time series (2000-2010) of detailed population data disaggregated by sex, age and country of birth of residents in all census tracts, the smallest geographies in Spain.

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The new suburban housing developments in post-socialist cities have been ubiquitous icons of socioeconomic and physical change. This paper examines suburban owner-built housing as a long-term strategy of home improvement in Romania. It analyses residents’ motivations and financial strategies to move up the housing ladder through owner-building and their responses to key neighbourhood problems, in particular poor public infrastructure and non-existent public facilities. It is argued that owner-builders generally benefitted from the economic informality, the relaxed legal culture and the unregulated housing context of the Romanian post-socialist transition; but the absence of public actors has weakened their achievements, which is most apparent at neighbourhood level. The paper draws attention to a context of politico-economic reforms and a set of socio-cultural values of housing privatism in which resident responses may frequently generate consequential (collective) problems localised at the level of streets, neighbourhoods or even the whole society.

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McKee, K. and Phillips, D. (2012) “Social Housing and Homelessness Policies: reconciling social justice and social mix”, pp 227-242, in G.Mooney and G.Scott (eds) Social Justice and Social Policy in Scotland. Bristol: Policy Press.

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This paper explores the implications of observed national housing sector experiences across the advanced economies before, through and out of the ‘Great Financial Crash’ (GFC) of 2008. The evidence suggests that over-aggregative explanation of these experiences and their broader economic consequences is somewhat misleading; empirical and theoretical explanations to date have largely failed to recognise that housing sectors can play transformative rather than just passive roles in shaping national economic out- comes. In practice, housing volatility, and the implications of this volatility for macro- economic stability and growth, reflects specific national financial, spatial and policy structures, housing system institutional structures and participant behaviour patterns. In spite of this, the housing policy paradigms that dominated in the decades prior to the GFC remain largely in place, and national housing policy frameworks continue to give insufficient attention to housing system stability and efficiency concerns. Housing research and housing policies need to be reoriented to better address the processes that contributed to the GFC and that more generally continue to shape national economic cycles and growth paths.
(2011, Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, Springer: Dordecht)

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Presentation for The Social Dynamics of Neighbourhood Early-Career Symposium

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Presentation for The Social Dynamics of Neighbourhood Early-Career Symposium

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